Monday, January 7, 2013

24 VERSATILE GURU’s: TEACHERS-PREACHERS गुरु-अध्यापक

24 VERSATILE GURUS TEACHERS-PREACHERS गुरु-अध्यापक 
CONCEPTS & EXTRACTS IN HINDUISM By :: Pt. Santosh Bhardwaj   

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YOGESHWR KRASHN TAUGHT GEETA TO THE WORLD
Almighty Bhagwan Shri Krishan narrated this conversation between Duttratey Ji and King Yadu-their ancestor, to Uddhav Ji, his cousin, 7 days before the onset of Kal Yug and the time of his departure from the earth.
Duttratey Ji, son of Atri-Brahma's son and Anusuya, having three heads, is, an incarnation of God having all the faculties-qualities of Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh in him.
King Yadu was a person with pure intelligence, love, courtesy, honour for Brahmns. He offered tributes, to the Brahmn, very diligently, softly, courteousness, and humility. Yadu gracefully honoured and humbly requested Duttratey Ji to describe the means, through which he became detached, free from all bonds.  Yadu bowed before the Brahmn-Duttratey Ji and said that he had attained Ultimate enlightenment, without indulgence in Karm. He praised Duttratey Ji for roaming freely, throughout the universe, by using intelligence, just like an innocent child. People tend to involve in Dharm, Arth and Kam (-work and sex), due to their aspirations and desires pertaining to longevity, wealth, name, fame, beauty. You are competent and capable in performing, learned, scholar, philosopher and skilled, still you keep aloof from the worldly pleasures and grieves and that your luck and beauty, deserve appreciation. Your speech and voice are the source of nectar-elixir. Still you live like an inert soul. You neither desire nor do anything. Most of the people in this universe are burning due the desire of passions, sex, lust, greed, sensualities like the fire, which engulfs the jungle.  But you seems to be free from all these. You are free from the touch of son, wife, wealth or the universe. You are stabilized-established in yourself having attained self-realization (-exclusively-sole-absolute).Yadu requested Duttratey Ji to elaborate-explain the source of the Ultimate pleasure (-Permanand) in his soul.
Duttratey Ji replied that he had taken shelter under many Guru’s, through his intelligence and roamed freely, after attaining education from them. He is willing-ready to accept qualities of each and every individual-organism, without hesitation, how so ever small, he is.
Earth teaches us patience and forgiveness. It does not take revenge from any one. All creatures in this universe are making efforts according to their destiny. They attack others, knowingly or unknowingly.  We should understand their helplessness and compulsions. One should maintain his cool and avoid, anger. All  efforts should be directed-diverted to the welfare of others by knowing-understanding that he is born to benefit others.
Pran Vayu (-Air-vital breath): The devotee should be content-satisfied with the food, just enough for his survival, like the breath-neither less nor more, in limited quantity. One should not desire-grow unrestricted passions-aspirations-sensuality. He should utilize, only that much commodity, which is just sufficient to restrict the intelligence from deformity-mutilation-impairment, so that the Mun (-mind and heart) does not become flirtatious (-fickle, playful, naughty, unsteady, shaky, trembling) and the speech does nor indulge in useless talk.
Air flows from one place to another continuously, but it does not bind-tie up-restrict itself to one place and remains free from the characters of a particular place.
The devotee-practitioner should move from place to place according to his needs, as and when required-essential, pertaining to different regions, religious nature but he should be firm with his goal. He should not bend-deviate to the good or bad qualities/characters of others, to be aloof from attachments-anonymity-enmity.

Smell is a character of the earth and not the air, but air has to bear with it, without being contaminated, without reacting with the smell. The devotee has to bear with pain-grief or illness, thirst-hunger etc. only till the soul is present in the body. One who has identified (-established in him self), in soul, keeps himself absolutely free (-un smeared, uncontaminated, unanointed, detached) from the body and its qualities-characters even though housed (-dependent over) in it.
Sky: All materials whether pot (-piture-earthen pot used for filling water) or residence of the devotee (-religious establishment, temple), whether fixed or movable, their origin-source-cause-reason may be different, but in reality the sky-space (-containing or spread of air) is one. Exactly the same way whatever the variable-movable or fixed, micro or macro (-small or large), the presence of soul in all of them, illustrates the presence of Brahm, in all of them.
One should consider-equate-find, similarity in the Supreme Spirit-Soul and the sky. The way the sky is present, both inside-internally and externally, in the living being, in the same manner- way, the soul is present in the body and the Ultimate.
The fire ignites, grains grow and get destroyed and the wind brings the clouds in the sky, which turn into rains. The sky remains unchanged, as such in spite of all these activities. With respect to the sky none of these activities exists.  In a similar manner, present and future, evolution and destruction  occur-take place, innumerable times, without any permanent association with the soul which is undergoing rebirths.
Water is pure, uncontaminated, slippery, sweet and purifying. People become pure by visiting-seeing-touching-praying-pronouncing, the names of the deity river Ganga and holy places.
The devotee should be pure, affectionate and soft spoken- one who talks in sweat voice, to make the environment-universe pure/clean. One acquires-learns-accepts these characteristics, from water purifying the common masses (- curing the people, public) around him, just by touch, recitation of his name or sight, removes their pains, difficulties, trouble, grief.

Agni (-fire) is brilliant, lustrous, radiant, illuminated. One cannot extinguish it through his energy. Fire has nothing (-container) to store, It contains everything within itself. It remains un smeared, untainted even after digesting everything.
On the lines of fire (-parallel to), the extremely brilliant-radiant-shinning-glowing due to meditation-asceticism, undefeated by the sensuality-passions, collecting -storing meals just for once, controlling all sense organs and Mun-undergoing all comforts-pleasures-grieves, keeps himself free from defects.
PhotoThe fire shows up at one place and keeps hidden at other place-similarly the devotee should come up at a time of need, otherwise keep himself isolated-masked-un revealed. He may reveal-show up in front of the people involved in the welfare of society to guide them, accepting their reverences to boost their moral.
People make offerings-donate alms in the shape of Yagy-Hawan. He accepts food grain from all of them (-he do not intend to store for future, so he donate it to the one, who is equally in need of it), just to eliminate the inauspicious, mishappenings of the past and future.
He should keep the fact in his mind that the fire is present in wood irrespective of its shape and size-though it is not like wood-similarly the soul is Omni present-all pervading, having no relation with the bodies (-organism-creature) looks-appear alike them.
Moon undergoes various phases in its monthly cycles. It neither increases nor decreases in size. Various stages in the life of an individual from birth to death have no relationship with the soul, like the phases of moon.
Hot blast of flame, keep on rising or falling every moment-fraction of time and is continuous and invisible, birth and death is identical in nature. Creation and dissolution of the bodies of the organisms like the strong-powerful current/tide/wave of water is identical to the always elapsing /movable time (- Kaal, read death), but remains unnoticed due to ignorance.
Sun sucks water from earth and Milky way to turn it into rains at the opportunate/proper time/moment, similarly a Yogi Purush (-ascetic/practitioner of profound meditation, with mind and successfully restraining sensuality) accepts the gratifications and returns/rejects/donates them. He is never engaged in sensuality-passions.
People with low intelligence find the image of Sun embedded in different vessels- water bodies. In fact the Sun does not break into fragments, similarly due to the titles associated with the body, the organism-living being are identified differently. The fact is that the Soul cannot be fragmented just like Sun. The soul cannot have differentiation as well.
Pigeons: One must not have extreme affection-attachment-love for any one. Otherwise, he would lose freedom-independence of his intelligence (-capability to think) and undergo suffering and dejection, just as the way a pair of pigeons, due to its love for  little ones-is caught by the catcher for food. One who has a family and find relief, comfort, amusement, love, happiness in fulfilling their needs and desires, never attain peace-solace-tranquillity. He faces anguish time and again.
In this universe, the human body is the only source of detachment to avail assimilation/liberation in God. One who does not absolve himself of the family-house hold chores, experiences down fall- ensconced, after attaining high altitudes/peaks- extreme success.
Python: The living being under goes grief-anguish, without desiring, without any effort, according to his deeds-destiny. Whatever is his abode-Heaven or Hell, comforts pertaining to sensuality-passions, comes to him automatically.
The intelligent-enlightened person, who knows the secrets of pleasure and pain should not desire/crave for these or make efforts. Without being asked-without desire-involuntarily –ease whatever is obtained, whether tasteless or tasty, sweat or sour, more or less, the intelligent person should eat it and remain content-satisfied-neutral-indifferent, just like the Python.
Even if food is not obtained, he should treat it as a part-outcome of the destiny, may remain hungry without making efforts, for many days-long period of time. He should be satisfied-content with the food received-obtained by virtue of destiny, only. Even if he is blessed with determination, will power, strength, strong –muscular body physique, capability of organs, he should remain unnerved. He should not make endeavours-efforts though awaken, even if he is blessed with work organs.
Ocean: The devotee must always remain happy and serious. His expression (-inclination, disposition, feelings) should be deep, unending, infinite. He should not be perturbed-disturbed for any reason- purpose. He should behave like the ocean-sea which is passive-quite-free from tides-waves-tsunami.
The sea, does not rise due to floods in the rivers in the rainy season or recede during summers. The person devoted to the Almighty should neither be happy with attainments of worldly objects/materials/successes nor restless-pathetic-dejected, due to failures or losses.
Patinga (-an insect who jumps into the fire/flame): feels attraction (-infatuation-charmed-deluded) towards the flame and gets burnt. Similarly, one who do not exercise control/constraint, over his sense organs-sensuality-passions, sees-observes the woman, become infatuated (-blandishment, mannerisms- any flirtatious gesture), enters into extreme darkness and hell leading to spoiling of his life. In reality woman is the illusion generated by the Demi Gods, which restricts the living beings from assimilation in God-liberation-Salvation. One with no intelligence (-duffers, morons), who finds attraction in woman, jewellery-cloths-fashion etc., perishable materials and whose whole attention is bent upon-diverted towards, wishing eagerly over the satisfaction of sensuality-passions, losses his prudence and get destroyed, just like the Patinga (-means spark).
Black Beetle: Sanyasi (-hermit-sage-saint) should not trouble/bother/tease the house hold (-family-residents) for his food-should collect pieces of bread from different families-just like the Black Beetle who gets enclosed/trapped on being attracted by the scent of Lotus-sits over it and get captured/enclosed, losing his life. Beetle collects nectar from different flowers-plants-whether large or small, similarly the intelligent person, should opt for the concepts - extract-gist of Shashtr-scriptures, like elixir-nectar.
Honey Bee: Sanyasi should not collect baggage (-alms) for the evening or the next day, should not have any pot other than hands to accept/collect and storage space other than the stomach. He should avoid accumulation or storage otherwise/else, he would lose his life along with his accumulations, just like the honey bee.
The miser keep on accumulating wealth earned with great effort/difficulty/pains taking, just like the Honey Bee, neither utilising it himself nor using it for charity/donations. His wealth is either snatched away or looted by the people, who are keeping a close watch over him, just like the honey collector, who collects honey. A person who collects honey, take it before the bee makes use of it.
A person having a family, collects-accumulates money with great effort-difficulty, but he offer food to the guests, ascetics, sages, saints,priests and hermits, who visit his home, since he has formed the habit of offering (-great Indian tradition) food to them, before being taken by him or his family.
Elephant is caught by the catchers with the help of a she elephant made out of paper (-replica) and placed over the deep trench-pit, covered- camouflaged with straw, -similarly the man is caught by the woman through her mannerism/tricks. The prudent do not accept the woman as a means of pleasure-enjoyment-leisure-gratification, since she is like his death trap-death, in the shape of statue (-woman). If he is obsessed -infatuated by them, he will lose his life, at the hands of high and mighty-strong people, in the manner the elephant does lose its life, through the elephants mightier 
Fish lose its life due to the greed for a piece of meat, attached with the hook of fishing rod, similarly one who likes/enjoys tasty food, is unable to control his appetite, for the taste of tongue, lose control over himself and get killed. A prudent person controls other organs by stopping consumption of food (- by fasting) but it does not provide control over taste buds, which become even more powerful-demanding on prevention of food intake. One cannot overcome all his mental-physical faculties, unless-until, he has overcome taste-buds.
Pingla the prostitute (-who lived in the kingdom of Videh Raja Janak, who was free from the cycles of births and rebirths): Any woman who joins this oldest of old-ancient professions, due to family background-force-compulsion-own free will-voluntarily-extreme uncontrolled sexual desires/passions/sensuality-as per own wish-arbitrarily, makes efforts to attract the rich-passionate-lustful-wanton-sex blind for the sake of money, by decorating themselves, in all possible manner.
 At one such occasion, Pingla got disheartened and developed detachment-renunciation, having waited for the whole night for customers. At this juncture, by virtue of some auspicious-virtuous-righteous deed by the mercy of God, in one of her previous births-due to the impact of Destiny, she attained enlightenment.
She said that the human being, are living with the help of long cord of hope, which can be cut with the sword of renunciation. The ignorant, neither get bored-disinterested-devoid of passions-lust-infatuations-flirtations-sexual desires nor wish-want to detach, from these desires bonds-ties-attachments.
She cursed herself for being under the control of sensuality-passions-sexuality-comforts-gratifications-obsessions-pleasures. She realized that she was expecting comforts from the wretched people, who had no significance-standing-importance of their own and that she was indeed a fool. She developed pain-grief-sorrow-disenchantment-disillusionment in her mind. She said that the real master the Almighty, was always close to her heart. He is the one who grants, real-true wisdom, love, affection, pleasure and comforts-the real wealth of the Ultimate. The men in this universe are non-existent-temporary-perishable, while the Supreme Soul is for ever.
She became intimate with the worst-wretched, who were incapable of meeting any of her desire-demands. On the contrary, they subjected her to grief and fear, anxious thoughts-distress-expectations and illness-diseases, sorrow and delusion-allurements-ignorance. It is the extreme of limit of foolishness, that she was devoted-addicted to living constantly in a contaminated place, implicitly relied upon the retched-worst trade in the world, which deserve whole hearted condemnation and unnecessarily pained-tortured her body, mind and heart. Her body was sold to the greedy-retched-contemptuous-contaminated and that she was extremely foolish to have desired wealth-sexual pleasures, through her body. She repeatedly reproached-insulted-cursed herself for her disgraceful-maligning activities and that she craved for the other person at the cost of the Ultimate love and pleasure- the imperishable one, who offer-donate-sacrifice himself for others.
She was blessed with the understanding that the Almighty pervaded in her heart-was the sole well -wisher of all living beings-affectionate-dearest of dear and her master. She questioned herself of the gains made by her through the comforts and pleasures, from the men of this world, who keep on dying. What to talk of human beings, even the Demi Gods are unable to satisfy their women folk through gratification. They themselves are crying under the impact of Kaal (-death). Bhagwan Vishnu must be pleased with her, having blessed her, with renunciation-detachment, which cuts all bonds and ties. She sought the asylum-shelter-protection, under the Almighty Vishnu and decided to lead the remaining life subjecting her-self to the dictates of destiny. Dejection led her to enlightenment-emancipation.
Kurer-Bird: Humans are in a habit of collecting-storing the goods- wealth-artefacts-commodities, which appeal-liked-admired by them becoming cause of grief. One, who takes this fact to his heart-understands-realises this, neither collects nor thinks of collecting them, experiences ultimate pleasure. This is elaborated by the example of a bird called Kurer, having a piece of meat in her beak- being attacked by the birds stronger than her, without meat, to snatch it. Kurer attains peace-comfort-relief only when she dropped the piece of meat.
Innocent Child:  One can learn from an innocent child, who is free from the impact of honours-insult-worries, family (-house hold) or the house-home. He is happy with himself (-in his soul) and plays-interact with it. One can enjoy-experience pleasure like him, by becoming happy- insulating himself, from worldly chores-rigours. Only two types of people are at ease- first one is the innocent child and the other one is the unqualified Supreme Being.
Bangles of Virgin Girl produces noise with the movement of hands-similarly, when many people live together they quarrel-strife. Therefore, the ascetic-Sanyasi-devotee, should remain/wander alone.
Arrow maker: One should command the Aasan (-Yogasan) and breath through renunciation and practice, bring it under his control and carefully deploy it to his target-goal-The Almighty, like the arrow maker who was so much absorbed with his work that he did not listen-notice the sound/noise produced by the army-armours-artillery, when the king passed by his side.
When mind is concentrated-fixed in the Ultimate pleasure, it gradually washes off the impact of Kaam Vasna -lust-sex-passions and affiliations with endeavours  leading to enhancement of Satvik Gun and rejection of Rajsik and Tamsik tendencies-characters further leading to stabilisation-establishment of mind and heart (-Mun, attention), just like the fire in the absence of fuel. In this manner the attention (-Chitt) of one establishes in the soul and the events around him- both internal as well as external remain unnoticed-chocked-blocked-checked.
Serpent: Sanyasi-Sadhak-Sadhu, should roam alone-freely, like a serpent. He should not form groups-mores. He should not build/construct house-Muth-temple. He should not stay at one place, avoid intoxication-frenzy. He should prefer staying in a cave- isolated place for most of the time. One should not be able to recognise him, from his external features-out fit-clothing- attire-dressing. He should not seek help from any one; speak as little as possible (-too little).  Construction of house for this perishable body is unnecessary-troublesome, leading to grief-problems. The serpent acquires enters the house of others (-rat-fox-rodents) and spend his time comfortably (-It does not mean that one should remove others from their houses, this whole message is for those seeking renunciation and rejected the world).
Spider :: The Almighty who enlightens-illuminates every one, destroyed-engulfed the world through his Kaal Shakti (-power to eliminate-finish–vanish-dissolution), which was generated-produced-evolved by him through his Maya (-illusionary power), absorbs it in himself and stays/lives alone, without the distinction- differentiation of breed-species-cast-creed-more, free from the what is going on in one’s own mind, said to one self, spoken aside or as a soliloquy.
He is creator-asylum-shelter of all-everyone who depends over him, but he does not depend over any one. He is independent. He regulates both the Nature and the Purush (-his two main components)-one who is the motive as well as the doer, the root cause of the universe, the Almighty with his might leads all forces-energies to three main characterises Satvik, Rajsik and Tamsik to balance the nature to the state of equanimity and rest in Kaevly form and in one and only one, un paralleled-established. He can only be experienced in the ultimate pleasure. He has no connection with any title. The Trigun Maya is created by him for the purpose of shaking-disturbing-vibrating,. He generates the Mahtatv-significance-importance, the first revelation-exposition of the 3 characterises  the fundamental reason of evolution and whole universe is interwoven, leading to life and death.
This all happens just like the Spider which creates web through its moth as per its desire, stays over it and engulfs it, ultimately. The creator Almighty creates-evolves, preserves-grows-nourishes this universe in himself, roam-move-interact in it, in the form of living beings and then swallows it –dissolution, like the spider.
Bhrangi (-Bilni) insect: The being by any reason/one or the other reason, whether affection or enmity-fear or knowingly, concentrate in some one-he attains the shape-figure of that creature-individual-organism-commodity. Bhrangi encloses an insect, where it lives over the wall- the insect which keep on thinking of him, attains the shape of Bhrangi, without discarding present body-transformation to the form of Bhrangi.
Human body: It provides prudence and renunciation. Man is mortal, death and birth are cyclical. To continue holding the body means, to keep on holding grief after grief, sorrow after sorrow, pain inflicting pain. Human body helps in considering/analysing gist of all going around us. Still one does not feel disenchanted with it. One day or the other jackals or dogs will it up.
Therefore, one should roam freely without any attachment with it. Living being- one keep on amassing wealth, facilities and well being of relatives-blood relations by undergoing great stress-difficulties. When the end comes, the body automatically decomposes, but sows the seedlings for the next/more births after births. The way many wives drags a person towards them, the tongue drags him towards different tastes/foods/drinks, thirst towards drinks, reproductive organs towards sex, skin-stomach and ears towards soft pleasant touch, tasty foods and soft-sweet words-music-entertainment, nose towards scents and the eyes towards beauties. Sex and work organs distress the human being in this manner. Almighty himself admires his creations- the human body.
Though death always chases the human being, yet it’s the means to Ultimate endeavours  which is attained after many-many births-rebirths. Once this scares body is obtained-one must start making endeavours for Salvation, by drifting away from passions-sensuality since they are available in all species.
When one start thinking-considering these facts, enlightenment evolve in the mind, leading to detachment-ego-imprudence. That is how the devotee-ascetic-Yogi-Sanyasi-Hermit is empowered to roam freely. It’s not enough to have the Guru-Teacher-Guide-Educator. Ones, own intelligence-prudence-understanding also plays a significant role.

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