VYAPAM BIHAR SCAM व्यापम बिहार घोटाला

VYAPAM SCAM व्यापम घोटाला 
 CONCEPTS & EXTRACTS IN HINDUISM  By :: Pt. Santosh Bhardwaj  
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Bihar Staff Selection Commission chairman Sudhir Kumar, an 1987 batch IAS officer's arrest in connection with multi-crore job scam was on the cards. He was apprehended from Hazari Bagh along with four other family members, by the Special Investigation Team probing the multi-crore employment scam. This along with several scams in employment and job exposes Nitish's SUSHASAN in Bihar. क्या बिहार को नितीश और लालू का साथ पसंद है। [25.02.2017]  
634 doctors lost their medical degree earned through dubious means. The Supreme Court had to decide this in a 3 member bench headed by the Chief Justice him self. Shiv Raj Singh Chauhan do not deserve to continue as chief minister due to this decision. How can he escape responsibility for such a scam.[14.02.2017]
Main culprit has been nabbed from Kanpur after 4 years in disguise.[07.05.2016]
48 DEATHS-MURDERS & BJP minister calls them natural deaths, congress goes to Supreme Court-this clearly indicts the government and its investigating agencies. Another Chauhan known as Nand Kumar Singh-MP BJP chief has said that "Hamey Vyapam ko lekar koi afsos nahin hai"-WE HAVE NO REGRETS OVER VYAPAM SCAM. This statement clearly shows deep rooted conspiracy.[13.07.2015]
55 CASES, 550 BEHIND THE BARS-ARRESTED, 2500 ACCUSED, 720 STUDENTS & PARENTS IMPLICATED-ASSOCIATED DIRECTLY. KINGPIN STILL AT LARGE-UNIDENTIFIED.
Vyapam scam was a massive admission and recruitment scam involving politicians, bureaucrats-senior officials-police and businessmen. Indore Bench of Madhy Pradesh High Court served notices to Madhy Pradesh Professional Examination Board (-MPPEB) and Medical Council of India (-MCI) following a public interest litigation (-PIL) filed by parents of some students after reports that more than 300 ineligible candidates managed to get into the merit list. Complaints of irregularities and crooked deals in pre-medical test (-PMT) were surfacing since 2009 leading to unearthing of a major scam in the year 2013. Politicians from the state ruling party were alleged to have deep rooted involvement. The kingpin of the impersonation racket Dr. Jagdish Sagar, was arrested and subsequently several other influential people were arrested, including ex-Education Minister Laxmi Kant Sharma, MPPEB’s exam controller Pankaj Trivedi, MPPEB’s system analysts Nitin Mahendr and Ajay Sen and state PMT’s examination in-charge C. K. Mishra. The credit to expose the scam goes to Indore-based medical practitioner Dr. Anand Rai.
This proved to be the root cause of various scandals and the biggest one to rock Madhy Pradesh. Special Task Force of Madhy Pradesh police under the supervision of High Court is conducting the investigations. Enforcement Directorate under Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 booked MPPEB’s in March 2014; exam controller Pankaj Trivedi along with 25 other accused including former Madhy Pradesh higher education minister Laxmi Kant Sharma and his former officer on special duty O.P. Shukla. 720 parents and students were booked and more than 129 politicians, officials and middlemen were arrested.
Madhy Pradesh Professional Examination Board also known as Madhy Pradesh Vyavsayik Pareeksha  Mandal (-व्यावसायिक परीक्षा मण्डल, व्यापम-Vyapam) is a self-financed and an autonomous body incorporated by the State government. It was initially set-up in 1970 as Pre Medical Test Board to conduct entrance tests for medical courses. In 1981, Pre Engineering Board was set up to conduct entrance tests for engineering courses as well. But in 1982, both these boards were amalgamated to form Professional Examination Board.
The peculiarity of the Board lies in the fact that it is entrusted with the responsibility to conduct competitive tests for admission to various professional courses and that too on a very large scale. The website of the Board says, “It is worth mentioning that only on the basis of these test one can get admission to the courses recognized by national level bodies like All India Council for Technical Education (-AICTE), Medical Council of India (-MCI), National Council for Teacher Education (-NCTE) New Delhi etc. against seats available in various institutions of the state.” The power and authority of the Board can be ascertained from the fact that recently, the responsibility to conduct recruitment examinations for posts not covered by state Public Service Commission was also entrusted upon it.So, basically, admission to all professional courses and recruitment to numerous jobs are conducted by the Board.
During the year 2013, Pre-Medical Test (PMT) scam was unearthed by Dr. Anand Rai. He is an Indore based Ophthalmologist, presently working as a medical officer. In the past, he has also worked to expose frauds in clinical trials. Thousands of candidates secured admission to medical colleges in the state through unfair means like impersonation and bribery. According to Dr. Rai, this scam dates back to 2004 and the first case was reported in Khandwa, a city near Indore.
Shri Singh Kushwaha, SP (West), district Indore through letter number SP/ West/ PA/ 412/2013 dated. 19.07.2013 written from office of SP, District Indore (West), Satellite Building, Moti Tabela, Indore informed Pankaj Trivedi, Controller, MP Vyapam that case number 539/ 13 under sections 419, 420, 467, 468 had been registered in Police station Rajendr Nagar in connection with PMT 2013 exam and was under investigation. He also supplied the list of 317 suspect candidates, found from the home of the accused, to Pankaj Trivedi.
Owing to the political patronage enjoyed by him, Pankaj Trivedi, Examination controller, Vyapam was unperturbed and despite being involved neck-deep in corruption, he audaciously wrote a letter to Principal Secretary, Medical education department, Government of MP regarding PMT scam, virtually issuing instruction to his superior officer. In point number 4 of letter number MP Vyapam/4674 Bhopal dated 20.07.2013 he wrote, “In view of the above fact and the above mentioned letter of SP (West), District Indore, the fake/suspect candidates, who have found place in the merit list should be allotted seats on a provisional basis during counselling with the condition that if his or her involvement in the crime number 539/18 is proved in the course of police probe/investigation, then his or her candidature will be considered automatically cancelled”.
On July 6 and 7, Indore crime branch had arrested 20 candidates from various city hotels of whom 17 belonged to Uttar Pradesh while three were from Madhy Pradesh. The candidates had come to impersonate MPPMT candidates.
At a high level meeting held in Bhopal in July 2013, senior bureaucrats raised serious questions on the police investigation in Vyapam scam and expressed surprise over the fact that Dr. Sagar could operate so smoothly. Moreover, they were shocked to know that no tab was kept on him as he was arrested in 2003 in similar case. In the same meeting, government admitted major lapses in its working that helped the pre-medical test scam thrive.
In November 2013, the Special Task Force (-STF) of Madhy Pradesh police made a shocking revelation that Vyapam officials rigged five more recruitment tests for government jobs in the state. Different FIRs against 153 people including mining baron Sudhir Sharma were filed. Sharma, a close confidante of Chief Minister Shiv Raj Singh Chauhan, was earlier interrogated by Central Bureau of Investigation (-CBI) in connection with mining scam.
In December 2013, Special Task Force produced a supplementary charge sheet against 34 accused, running into 23,000 pages in the Indore district court. Out of these 34 accused chargesheeted, 30 were students and their guardians.
On April 29, 2014, 27 students of Mahatma Gandhi Memorial (-MGM) medical college were expelled as it was proved that they obtained admission via fraudulent means.
On June 19, 2014, Special Task Force of Madhy Pradesh police issued a statement that it has arrested over 100 students for their involvement in the scam and this number could go up as arrests are being made everyday. All these students cleared the medical entrance test through fraudulent means.
In September 2014, shocking disclosure of rigging bank exams was made by Special Task Force on the basis of interrogation of Dr. Jagdish Sagar and Mohit Chaudhary. Numerous candidates who fraudulently cleared the written examination of bank recruitment, ultimately failed to clear the interview.
MODUS OPERANDI
IMPERSONATION: The admission card of the candidate was used to execute the trick. All the information of the candidate remained intact except the photograph. Candidate’s photograph was replaced by that of the impersonator and after the exam, it was changed back to the original. All this was done in collusion with the corrupt Board officials. The impersonator was always some brilliant student and used to get hefty amount to secure the seat.
PASSING ON: A person was strategically seated between two other candidates by the Board officials. The person let them copy from his answer sheet and the examiners were bribed to fix it.
OMR SHEETS: The select candidates were asked to leave their answer sheets blank. They were randomly given high percentages after the exam. Concerned authorities of the Board then filed an RTI demanding to view those answer sheets. They then filled in the answers in the OMR booklet according to the marks they have already been given. This was done so that if someone were to ever check those answer sheets, there would not be any loop holes that could give them away.
Vyapam admitted in the High Court that 1020 forms were missing and 346 impostors had appeared in the examination. Vyapam officials admitted in the court that 1120 candidates appeared in the exam but their forms were missing because Vyapam official and accused Nitin Mahendr had tampered with the Computers in which the record was stored. The STF has presented charge-sheet against 28 accused, including Jagdish Sagar, in Indore Court. The fact that the charge-sheet includes details of 3292 different offences and more than 92,176 documents is indicative of the enormity of the scam.
MAIN ACCUSED-KEY ARRESTS
Laxmi Kant Sharma, ex-Education Minister (M.P): After being quizzed twice, the Bhartiy Janta Party (-BJP) leader was arrested after his alleged involvement in contractual teachers recruitment scam. The exam was conducted by MPPEB and Sharma was its Minister in-charge in his capacity as the then Technical Education Minister in the last BJP government in the state. He later resigned from BJP after he was sent to four days police remand. Later, three FIRs were filed against him in separate cases.
Dr. Vinod Bhandari: He is the main accused and was arrested on the charges of illegally helping students to get admission through Vyapam officers. He fled to Mauritius when he was named in the scam and returned only after an anticipatory bail was granted by the Madhy Pradesh High Court.
O. P. Shukla: He was posted as Officer on Special Duty (-OSD) with then Technical Education Minister Laxmi Kant Sharma. Soon after the investigations gained momentum, he went underground and surrendered two months after the investigation team released a lookout notice for him. He allegedly took 8.5 million (-85 lakhs) Rupees from the candidates for clearing the medical entrance test.
Pankaj Trivedi, Examination Controller Vyapam: He was arrested in September 2013 and is currently in a judicial custody. The state anti-corruption police has recovered around 25 million rupees and numerous properties from his possession that are unknown to his sources of income. Evidence of his partnership in Indore based medical college was also found.
Sudhir Sharma: He is the mining baron of Madhy Pradesh and an accused in the sub-inspector and constable recruitment scam. His rise from the a primary school teacher to a billionaire is surrounded by mysteries. The investigative team declared him as an absconder and declared a reward of Rs. 5000 for information about his whereabouts. After a long hide and seek, he finally surrendered on July 25, 2014.
CK Mishra, Officer, Vyapam: He has admitted that he was working for Dr. Sagar, Santosh Gupta and Sanjiv Shilpkar since 2009. In 2009, Dr. Sagar had given him application forms of 20 candidates, who were to be allotted roll numbers in such a way that in the exam, their seats were one behind the other. Rs 50,000 per roll number was paid to him. Thus, he received Rs 1 million. In 2010, Dr. Sagar gave forms of 40 students. This time Rs 2 million was paid. In 2012, Dr. Sagar took contract of 60 students, Shilpkar gave roll numbers of 20 boys. They paid Rs 3 million and Rs 1 million respectively.
Nitin Mahendra (Principal System Analyst) and Ajay Sen (Senior System Analyst): Vyapam programmer Yashwant Parnekar and clerk Yuvraj Hingve said in their statements that the computers of Mahendr and Sen were not linked with the main server of Vyapam. These two officers could access the data stored in 25 other computers at Vyapam but the data in their computers could not be accessed by anyone. Taking advantage of this, they allotted roll numbers and examination centers as per their wish.
Dr. Jagdish Sagar (Middleman): He used to handover handwritten notes to Vyapam officials, telling them which roll number to allot to which student. For the session 2013, Dr. Sagar had given 317, Shilpakar 92 and Sanjay Gupta 48 names. Mahendr had recorded the details of these candidates in his computer and destroyed the list. While allotting roll numbers to these candidates, the slots immediately before or after them were left blank. These roll numbers were then allotted to fake candidate. The roll numbers were set at their homes and brought to office in Pen drive. After reaching the office, they uploaded the roll numbers to the computers. After that Mahendr, used to telephone Dr. Sagar and tell him, “The work has been done. You can check on the website”.
Animesh Akash Singh: He worked as a broker and got admitted four candidates in PMT.
Jitendr Malviy: A third year student of MBBS at MGM College of Indore who had got admitted one candidate in PMT 2013 through Dr. Sanjeev Shilpakar.
R. K. Shivhare, Suspended IPS Officer: He is an accused for his alleged involvement in the recruitment of sub-inspector and platoon commander examination of 2012 conducted by Vyapam. He is also an accused in getting his daughter and son-in-law admitted in the medical college by fraudulent means. When the probe agency registered a case against him, he was suspended but evaded arrest. He was declared absconder and a reward or Rs. 3000 was put against him. He later surrendered on April 21, 2014.
Ravi Kant Dwivedi, Suspended Joint Commissioner (Revenue): He was arrested for getting his son admitted into one of the premiere medical colleges through unfair means. Later, the state anti-corruption wing raided his house and were in a shock to found cash, jewellery, property worth Rs. 600-700 million.
Vandana Dwivedi: On September 11, 2014, Special Task Force (STF) arrested the Bhartiy Janta Party (-BJP) leader for her role in the scam. She had given C. K. Mishra a list of five candidates for recruitment in contractual teachers (grade II) appointment out of which two were selected.
Dr. G S Khanuja: On September 13, 2014, Special Task Force (STF) arrested the COO of Aurbindo hospital located in Indore. His son secured 12th rank in the medical examination of 2012 through unfair means.
Mohit Chaudhary: He was arrested along with his gang for helping the students appearing in pre-medical test cheat with the help of blue tooth. He was earlier arrested in 2012 for rigging other competitive exams but was released on bail. He himself fraudulently cracked the post-graduate medical entrance examination conducted by the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS).
Narendra Dev Azad (Jatav): On February 19, 2015, the special investigation team (SIT) arrested him on the charges of acting as a middleman in the admission of Amar Singh Medha in 2009 in MGM College, Indore.
Rashtriy Swayam Sewak Sangh (RSS): Arrested Vyapam examination controller Pankaj Tri Vedi had spelled beans that two RSS leaders were directly involved in the scam as they got their men recruited in the government job. The two RSS leaders named in the written statement are former Late RSS Chief  K C Sudarshan and Suresh Soni. Police later denied the involvement of RSS leaders as they did not have the evidence to substantiate it. However, on October 13, 2014, Suresh Soni was relieved from his responsibilities and the sources in the organization said that Vyapam scam was one of the reasons for this decision, because his name raised during the investigation had caused embarrassment to the RSS.
WHISTLE BLOWER: Indore based Dr. Anand Rai and Gwalior based social activist Ashish Chaturvedi are the two main whistle blowers of this scam. While Dr. Anand Rai blew the lid over this scam, Ashish Chaturvedi blew the whistle over involvement of Chief Minister Shiv Raj Singh Chauhan’s relatives in the scam. Despite a Whistle Blower’s Protection law in force, both of them face threat to their life and were denied police protection. Ashish Chaturvedi has already suffered three attacks on his life including an abduction bid. Chaturvedi had also petitioned CBI to probe admissions of 5,000 doctors in MBBS and PG courses of 2003-2013 in all state colleges.
In July 2014, Prashant Pandey, a forensic expert became a whistle blower, when he came to know that Special Task Force relied on tampered evidence and made this information public. Later, the Madhy Pradesh police registered an FIR against him for leaking the information.He also claimed that only five percent of the scam had been probed.
This scam exposes the wider nexus of poor healthcare, corruption and central licensing powers.
Madhy Pradesh has a doctor population ratio of 1:18650 ( roughly 1:300 in Europe ). Newly qualified post graduates earn approximately 20 times the Per capita income of Madhy Pradesh and hence privileged parents are willing to plough money in education. Post graduation costs up to 400 lakh rupees ( $650,000 ) in a state recognised Private College while it is comparatively much cheaper at 75 lakhs, to 'purchase' a seat in a government run school, through the scam network.
India is the only country where sale of medical seats by private medical colleges is part of official policy. It means the ability to pay counts more than merit. The Medical Council of India, which regulated the sold medical seats, itself accused of being systemically corrupt, has both slashed medical seats and made suitability tests for students who study abroad extremely difficult, thus increasing the price of Private medical education, while education remains comparatively free in the relatively few state run colleges once the bribes have been paid.
Congress had demanded a CBI probe into the scam and expressed concern over impartial investigation but the government declined to comply with this demand. The opposition also pressed for resignation of the Chief Minister on moral grounds in view of alleged involvement of his ministers and relatives. On the other hand, the Chief Minister had termed it as “mudslinging” by the opposition due to the defeat in Lok Sabha election 2014.
The Chief Minister also vowed to take legal action against Congress leaders who leveled serious allegations on his wife but later dropped the plan on the advice of bureaucrats close to him as it may have led to another embarrassment for the government.
On November 5, 2014, Madhy Pradesh High Court rejected Digvijay Singh's petition for CBI probe and ordered setting up of a special investigation team (SIT) to act as a watchdog for the court. The court also directed the special task force (-STF) to keep a close watch on news related to the scam in electronic and print media and make relevant news a part of the investigation.The High Court of Madhy Pradesh has appointed Justice Chandresh Bhushan, Retd. Judge of the Madhy Pradesh High Court as the Chairman of the SIT along with two other members to probe the scam.
On February 16, 2015,Congress alleged that Chief Minister Shiv Raj Singh Chauhan's name was removed from a document seized from accused Nitin Mahendr's computer.The allegation was based on special investigation team's having admitted that the hard disk seized from Nitin Mahendr's computer was cloned. Congress leader Digvijay Singh said, "This affidavit is a challenge to the Madhy Pradesh Chief Minister: Either he should resign or prosecute me for giving false evidence if he thinks my allegations are wrong." However, BJP termed it as a false allegation.
On February 18, 2015, the special investigation team sought permission from Madhy Pradesh High court to probe state Governor Ram Naresh Yadav. which was subsequently granted. FIR was registered against Governor's son Shailesh Yadav as well. Congress raised this issue in Madhy Pradesh Vidhan Sabha during its budget session. For the first time in the history of Indian politics, the assembly session ended only in 6 days without discussion on the budget.
In March 2015, whistle blower Prashant Pandey submitted the original documents in Delhi High Court. He produced an excel sheet that had the name of Chief Minister of Madhy Pradesh, Shiv Raj Singh Chauhan mentioned forty eight times while the one used by the investigating agency to prepare the charge sheet had none. His excel sheet was authenticated by a private forensic lab. BJP alleged that the whistle blowers were paid off to which Pandey responded that he had initially given the documents to Madhy Pradesh minister Kailash Vijay Vargiy and sent it to Prime Minister's Office as well but no action was initiated.
40 PEOPLE INVOLVED IN THE SCAM HAVE BEEN MURDERED SO FAR, SHOWING DEEP ROOTED INVOLVEMENT OF HIGH UPS IN POWER CIRCLES.
DEATHS-MURDERS: On March 25, 2015, Shailesh Yadav, the son of Madhy Pradesh Governor Ram Naresh Yadav and an accused in the scam was found dead under mysterious circumstances.
*On April 28, 2015, Vijay Singh was found dead under mysterious circumstances in Kanker district of Chhattisgarh. A Pharmacist by profession, he was a key accused linked to several high profile people involved in the scam. His body was recovered from a lodge owned by BJP's MLA and the last call from his mobile was traced to his lawyer in Bhopal.
*Pharmacist Vijay Singh, a key accused linked to several high-profile suspects in MPPEB scam, was found dead under mysterious circumstances in Kanker district of Chhattisgarh.
The Supreme Court on Monday asked Special Task Force (STF), probing Vyapam scam in Madhy Pradesh, to complete the investigation within four months.
News reporter Akshay Singh who had gone to interview in Megh Nagar of Jhabua district, has become the 45th victim of this scandal. 18 ministers-including the chief minister, 32 IAS, 8 IPS, governor and many IFS officers are accused in this sensitive case. Evidences sufficient enough to imprison most of them, were given to the investigating agency-STF. The evidences are either destroyed or over looked under pressure from the high and mighty who them selves are accused.[05.07.2015]
The Supreme Court has ordered CBI inquiry. It will be decided later whether it has to be monitored by the Supreme Court or nor! The person who had headed the government for 15 years during which the scam flourished and lead to 48 deaths can not escape responsibility for it. Why should he be allowed to continue?! The governor who should have been behind the bars is still occupying the prime post, to continue shadowing the scam probe. Most of the ministers are tainted in the MP cabinet. Prabhat Jha and some more dignitaries are equally guilty of eclipsing the probe. Let them be brought to book simultaneously. Why should any guilty be allowed to escape?![11.07.2015]
TOPPERS SCAM IN BIHAR :: यह है नितीश कुमार का सुशासन :: पहले हत्या, बलात्कार, रंगदारी, अपहरण, लूट और अब आगे। Nitish is a disgruntled power hungry, incompetent person, who wanted to become Prime Minister of India, with the support of BJP, at the cost of a capable leader called Narendr Bhai Modi.[17.10.2016]
Bachcha Rai has inter-party political connections including BJP, RJD and the Janata Dal (United). During Bihar’s assembly election campaign, last year, Rai had shared a stage with RJD chief Lalu Prashad Yadav and his son Tej Pratap. Rai had worked hard to ensure the victory of Yadav’s other son Tejeshwar Yadav. Lalu Yadav quickly disowned him. Union minister Giri Raj Singh too indulged in nefarious activities by investing in the institution managed by Bachcha. He is bus partner and family friend of main culprit Bachcha Rai.
Some students in Bihar paid up to Rs 50,000 to secure a 1st division. Candidates do not have to take the exam or even enrol with any college. A boy failed the Class 12 exams twice, but cleared it with a 1st division in the third attempt from the college named after his grandfather, Vishun Roy College, in Bihar's Vaishali district. The V R College into a shop of guaranteed successful results and produced toppers, with help from Bihar School Examination Board officials.
Amit Kumar alias Bachcha Rai, the director-principal of the V R college, is alleged to be at the heart of Bihar's toppers controversy which came to light when four students from the college Ruby Rai, Sourabh Shreshth, Rahul Kumar and Shalini, who topped the state's Class 12 exams were exposed on local television channels for their unfamiliarity with their chosen subjects of study.
Rai became principal of the V R College on the basis of dubious degrees in 1999, when he was just 19. Rai passed the Class 10 exam in 1994 and enrolled himself at the V R College, but failed to pass the Class 12 exam in 1996 and 1997. In the third attempt he passed the exam with a first division in the science stream. Rai passed the Class 12 exam in 1998, then secured a post-graduate degree in just 13 months and subsequently became principal. Later he secured a Ph.D, degree as well in music. 
Rai's father Raj Deo Rai, who is said to be close to some Bihar politicians, unsuccessfully contested elections to the Bihar Legislative Council. The V R college was set up in 1997-98 by Raj Deo Rai in his father's name.Besides the V R College, Raj Deo Rai runs three other educational institutions-two degree colleges and a high school.
During early 2000, the college started producing 1st division results and students with high scores. Its students miracle performances in the mid-2000's brought it both the limelight and controversy. In 2005, then BSEB chairman Nageshwar Sharma ordered the scrutiny of V R College results. 380 students with 1st division results were relegated to the second division; only four first division results were deemed genuine. The V R College results were reviewed again in 2007. The college produced toppers in 2014, 2015 and 2016, which came as a surprise for many government colleges and plus-two schools in Bihar with NAAC (National Assessment and Accreditation Council) grading.
The SIT is yet to nab Bihar board chairman Lalkeshwar Prasad Singh, reportedly the kingpin of the scam and his wife Usha Sinha, who is Ex-JD (U) MLA from Hilsa (Nalanda) & officiating principal of Ganga Devi Mahila College. She obtained B.Ed. degree before completing 14 years of age.
2 years back, his daughter topped in 10th board exams and she was studying in the same college.
The college has had many cases in the past. Last year, almost all the students of the college got same marks and the results were cancelled by the board.
Rai's wife Sangita Kumari, brother Jitender Kumar, a sister-in-law, another uncle, a brother-in-law, and two cousins all work for the college.
Bihar earned notoriety last year when photographic evidence of mass cheating in board exams-showing adults scaling walls to pass written answers to students through windows-made national news. This year, when more than 25 Lakh students sat for the Class 10 and 12 board exams in March and April, the Nitish Kumar-led government might have hoped for a scandal-free result, but that was not to be.
Class 12 arts topper Ruby Rai, who scored 90%  answered that political science is a subject about the preparation of food. Saurabh Shreshth couldn’t answer basic questions about the science subjects he topped in. The state ordered a re-exam for 14 toppers on June 3, but Ruby Rai failed to show up. On June 4, the Bihar State Examination Board decided to give Rai one more chance to do a re-test, but Saurabh Shreshth and another science topper, Rahul Kumar, ended up failing the re-exam.

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