*HINDU PHILOSOPHY (6) हिंदु दर्शन :: कर्म, ज्ञान, भक्ति योग

HINDU PHILOSOPHY (6) हिंदु दर्शन
KARM, GYAN & BHAKTI YOG कर्म, ज्ञान, भक्ति योग  
By :: Pt. Santosh Bhardwaj
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KARM YOG कर्मयोग  :: From the first breath in the womb until the last breath, the human body works and the Karm  is associated with it. Respiration-heart beat, functions of brain, movement etc. are Karm-deeds. 
It involves Karta-the doer, Karan-Motive & instruments (desires, ambitions, senses and organs), Karm, actions, deeds, acts, activities, profession, work, labour, executions and Karm Sangrah-collection-accumulations of deeds.
One must do his duty with faith, without hope of personal benefit-gains or ambition.
Faith and disinterestedness act to purge the burden of Karm.
Faithless and self-interested people increase their burden.
Shedding of burden of Karm can release from endless cycles of birth-rebirth-suffering.
Right to perform prescribed duty, without entitlement to fruit or reward of action.
Never consider the self as the cause of result in activities and never be attached to non-performance of duties.
Vanishing of Karm and Karmfal relives from attachment, smear, stains, sullies and engross.
To have same feelings for accomplishment of desires and detachment.
To give same weight age to acquisitions and non-acquisitions.
Performance of prescribed, Varn-Ashram-natural, place, time, situation, person oriented duties as per dictates of Shashtr; without attachment, affections or desires.
To maintain a balance between accomplishment and non-accomplishment.
Repeated, practice, concentration and devotion to work, pleases the Almighty. One should work for the sake of God only, not for himself.
8 PREREQUISITES-ESSENTIALS OF SALVATION मोक्ष प्राप्ति हेतु आठ प्रकार के आत्म गुण ::
(1). समस्त प्राणियों पर दया करना।  Pity-mercy on all creatures-organisms.
(2). क्षमा।  Pardon-Forgiveness.
(3). दुःख से पीड़ित प्राणी को आश्वासन प्रदान करना और उसकी रक्षा करना।  
To assure the worried-pained and protect him.
(4). जगत में किसी से ईर्षा द्वेष  न करना। 
Not to have envy-anonymity-enmity with any one.
(5). बाह्य  व आन्तरिक पवित्रता। 
External and internal purity-cleanliness.
(6). परिश्रम रहित अथवा अनायास प्राप्त हेतु कार्यों के अवसर पर उन्हें मांगलिक आचार-व्यवहार के द्वारा संपन्न करना।   
Events which do not involve labor or occasions which are obtained-comes up instantly, should be celebrated with auspicious rituals-Mantr-Shloks.
(7). अपने द्वारा उपार्जित द्रव्यों से दीन दुखियों की सहायता करते समय क्रपणता न  बरतना।  
Not to hold back, while helping the poor-down trodden, with the earned by own labor-efforts.
(8). पराये धन और पराई स्त्री के प्रति सदा  निस्पृह रहना। 
To remain aloof from with others wealth and women.
ये कर्म योग ज्ञान योग के साधन हैं, कर्म योग के बिना ज्ञान की प्राप्ति नहीं होती।  
These deeds-Karm Yog are the means of Gyan Yog. Gyan Yog can not be achieved-attained without Karm Yog.
Karm Yogi utilises the material objects (body) for the welfare of mankind and gets detached. He utilize the human body as a vehicle to Salvation.
One should perform Karm as per dictates of Shashtr (scriptures) i.e., Varn-Ashram Dharm, Nature and Situation (adverse-unfavourable), by deserting desires,affections, attachments, (passions, sensuality  and maintaining calm, cool, balance of mind  in failure, as well as success.[Exerts from :: Matays Puran]
(1). Accumulated deeds constitute of Satvik, Rajsik and Tamsik Karm, done in many- many previous births, as and when the individual took birth as a human being. Auspicious-inauspicious, virtues-sins, have to be under gone in the form of illness, diseases, physical defects, gratification-suffering, pleasure- pain, fulfilment sexual desires, loss-gains etc. The impact of accumulated deeds, show off as per the dictates of Vidhata (Brahma) and Dharm (Son of Sun). They do not vanish in millions of births-Kalps without being faced. There is no way out. One has to face them.
(2). Deeds of the present-current birth also interact simultaneously. They, by the grace of God may nullify-strengthen, the punishment/rewards/fruits of accumulated deeds.
(3). Predestined deeds are the ones, which the organism is facing or is going to face, in order to vanish, them. One should be ready to face them without hesitation, happily, smiling. One should be cautious enough, not to generate a new chain of deeds.
Reason behind birth-rebirth is the creation of new chain of deeds, without eliminating the previous ones. Once the sum total of all these deeds is zero, the organism will not take birth.
The Human body, its various organs, senses, systems and the devotee’s efforts, actions, gestures, passions, and sensuality constitute this methodology. When devotee seeks help from the God or is patronised by the God, in his efforts as a major contributor, then everything turns divine, including his faith. It does not consider any one to be bad. Don’t have ill will for any one. Don’t do evil of others.
Karmfal is composed of auspicious and inauspicious, desired and the undesired. No activity can be performed in isolation or water tight compartments. It always has strings attached with it, as a result of which the Karmfal also appears in composed manner i.e., comfort-discomfort, pleasure-pain, joy-worries. Pleasures, the desired, are accompanied by undesired worries, pain, fears, sorrow, grief, anxiety, unease etc. Karm Fal simultaneously works, in the present incarnation as well.
Humans, Demi-Gods, Demons, Giants, Yaksh, Gandarvbh, Kinner (impotent), Serpents  Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh, Indr etc. etc. are all governed by destiny by the dictates of Karm.
Any one, who is blessed with super human power, majesty, might, wealth, grandeur, strength, enlightenment, good luck, who make donations-charity, pardon is considered as a component of The Almighty.
One, who is not a component of Rudr can’t worship Rudr (Mahesh, Shiv).
One who does not possess the component of the God can’t donate food-grain.
One who is not a component of Vishnu can’t become a king.
No creature, living being is free. He is always under the control of Vidhata (Divinity) and to face birth-rebirth, pain-pleasure, against his will, wish involuntarily.
The mentality, tendency of the population depends upon the effect-impact of time (-Kal).
In, Saty Yug people are religious, dutiful. They abide by the Dharm. People are sent to divine abodes on the basis of their auspicious-virtuous-pious deeds.
In, Treta Yug, people are religious and believe in attainment of God in addition to acquisition of wealth (essential for carrying out religious activities). Truth, charity, donations, pity, pardon, one wife and equanimity with all creatures are the common religious practices.
Religious practices in Treta and Dwaper are the same as Sat Yug.
In, Dwaper Yug, people are possessive about Dharm, Arth, Kam (Religion-attainment of God-Goodness, Wealth and sexuality, sensuality-passions).
During Kali Yug, whole population is attached with Arth-earning money by fair means, some by foul means and others by both fair and foul means. Their sexual desires, sensuality  passions are unlimited, uncontrolled and indecent. Sinners find their abode in Hell. They reside there till the change of Yug takes place and take birth on earth as humans.
After the end of Dwaper and beginning of Kal Yug all sinners of hell are reborn on earth.
Kal Yug is dominated by Asat and the behavior of the population shows its impact in the form of falsehood, irreligiousness, unrighteousness, bad, untrue, unreal, unfounded, nonexistent practices.
Due to the divine wish, will, sometimes inter changes do occur in the birth-rebirth cycles.
The saints, sages, ascetics of Kal Yug take birth in Dwaper, of Dwaper in Treta and those of Treta, in Saty Yug.
The sinners, unvirtuous people of Sat Yug take birth in Kal Yug.
All the four Yug co-exist at one or the other place on earth at the same time. Impact of the current, present Yug is reflected by the majority of population.
The human incarnation of soul is the main source of enlightenment, science, new ventures, researches, progress, ascetic practices, Karm, Mukti, Bhakti, Yog, Salvation and Permanand.
Anyone, who is unable to recognize-identify the Permatma in his inner self, will not be able to attain peace in any of the species of his next incarnations.
There is nothing to fear in deserting the fruits of Karm-deeds. An intelligent person should not indulge either in any sort of deeds or their fruits.
One should keep off sensuality, gratifications, suffering through prudence, intelligence and wisdom.
He should be content with enlightenment and science, while devoted to the Almighty (-Bhagwan Sheh Nag ).
The greatest selfishness and the ultimate desire of the living being should be to experience oneness in the Brahm and his soul.[Extract:: Shri Mad Devi Bhagwat Puran]
Any one, merely experiences the remaining (left over) Karmfal of his previous births quietly, neutrally, passively, without reacting to them, prudently. His conscience and the inner self, guides him. He makes no efforts for acquisition or accumulation. All his actions are directed towards the benefit and welfare of the mankind and the various life forms, without establishing any relationship with them, prudently. His efforts are directed towards stabilising the inner self, only.
He does not establish any relation with Karm, deserts affections, rejects the pride of having done; which automatically terminates individuality, paving path to assimilation in God. He makes no bonds with the ever changing nature or the world, detaches himself from the differentiating nature and its functions as well. The Karm Yogi does not experience the need for self, owns anything and does nothing for self.
Elimination of Karm is related to egotism, which has four purposes- Abode, Implementation, Attempt and the Destiny. Whether an act is prescribed, determined or prohibited by scriptures (treatise, Shashtr), it has five motives behind accomplishment: Physical- mental, oral-verbal and micro- macro. When a person undertakes them, he accumulates them. When these actions are free from desires, accomplishment is there, but no accumulation. When intention is lost behind these actions, it leads to success without accumulation. Actions, constituting sins or virtues, free from accumulation, are not binding.
The imprudent, who considers the natural vital activities and functions as having been done by him, becomes the reason or cause behind accomplishment of motives. Either acceptance or rejection of Karm or Karmfal are not the vehicles (means, causes) of welfare. Neither the acceptance nor renouncement, are the motives of welfare. Means of welfare is break up of soul with nature. Karm Yog stands for renouncement of belonging (affections) and the Karmfal. Loss of belonging automatically leads to loss of ego (I, My, Me). Ego has a component of belonging  Rejection of ego cuts the bonds of affections or belonging  It’s the egotism that pertains to the feeling of having done it, which leads to accomplishment of Karm and accumulation as well. In Karm Yog, loss of affections eliminates ego i.e., renouncement through detachment with reward.
The nature is the doer. An individual, who is illusion ed by the ego, behaves as if he is the performer, achiever or loser.
There are 13 impliers constituting of 5 external (hands, feet, tongue, pennies, and anus), 5 internal (ears, eyes, skin, tongue and nose) and the remaining 3 rests inside the mind (Mun, Intelligence and the Ego).
Coordinated efforts of (1). Hands :- giving, taking exchange, (2). Feet :- walk, run, movement, (3). Tongue :- Speech, (4). Pennies :- Reproduction, urination, (5). Anus :- Excretion, (6). Ears :- Hearing, (7). Eyes :- Seeing, (8). Skin :-Touch, (9). Tongue-taste, (10). Nose :- Smell, (11). Mun :- Desires, (12). Mind (Intelligence) :- Thoughts, Decision, Behavior and (13). Ego :- Pride, make endeavours.
The fifth one is divine, which depends upon the auspicious and inauspicious activities of the doer, affecting the inner self, laying the foundation of destiny.
Creeping of defects in the Physical, Verbal or Mental deeds (actions), leads to bonds (Rag, attachments, ties). If the Karm is performed as per directives of Shashtr, it becomes auspicious and ascetic. The Karm is Satvik and breaks the bonds.
Attachments and prejudices, pleasures and sorrow (pains) are mental Karm (imaginary, illusive activities).
The thought of ownership of Body, Speech and Mind create defects in the deeds. Detachment of bonds from these by Karm Yog or Gyan Yog leads to liberation from the nature. Mun: Mind, heart, soul. It’s the seat of perception and feelings, wish, inclination, temperament, characters, will and purpose.[Extract  :: Shri Mad Bhagwad Geeta]
DESTINY-FATE प्रारब्ध-भाग्य :: Under the impact of the out put-result-fruit of his deeds in his previous lives, the living being could have done- achieved, whatever he liked.
Great Ascetics, clever, intelligent, prudent, mighty people have been found to be deprived off the fruits of their endeavours-efforts.
Imprudent, inferior, people who lack good qualities, virtues and without/low intelligence are seen to be associated with all sorts of amenities, luxuries, comforts in life without the blessings of anyone.
People indulged in brutality, cruelty, crime, deceit, misdeeds are found to be enjoying the comforts of life. There are the people, who do not work at all and still, the wealth flows towards them.
There are the people who make repeated, successive efforts, endeavours without success. They fail to obtain the desired commodity. Their wishes never materialise. It shows that the destiny is important.[Extract :: Narad Puran]
The organism takes birth and dies on the basis, by virtue of the remaining deeds in the previous lives. Who so ever has taken birth in this world will die-there is no doubt in it. Age, deeds, wealth, Education and death of the living being are fixed, while he is in the womb.
Pain pleasure, pear and welfare are obtained by virtue of Karm. The living being is dragged out of the womb with his head down and legs upward by the air. He is illusion-ed the moment, he takes birth by the Maya of Bhagwan Vishnu.
Birth in any specific specie is the out come, result of auspicious-inauspicious deeds, sins. Compilation of sins, misdeeds and inauspicious deeds keep degrading him to lower caste-specie. It’s the output of his misdeeds, guilt, crime and sins that he suffers from poverty, illness, diseases, low intelligence, imprudence and various pains.
Lokik (worldly), Kshar (perishable)-importance is given to both the soul and the world. It begins with the determination not to do evil, harm to anyone, not to consider anything bad or have ill will for any one.
Those who have not attained, acquired-obtained, renunciation and their intelligence has dissociated with grief, sorrow, pain and who’s  passions-sensuality are accompanied with them, are entitled-authorised to Karm Yog. Karm Yogi utilises the material objects (body) for the welfare of mankind and gets detached.
Performance of Varn-Ashram Dharm-as per description in scriptures, prescribed duties, nature, circumstances, rejection of desires, affections, attachments, passions, sensuality completely.
One should strike a balance (Equanimity) between Siddhi (attainment) and Asiddhi (-non attainment).[Extract source :: Garud Puran]
GYAN-SANKHY YOG (ज्ञान-सांख्य योग) :: Bhagwan Shri Krashn described Gyan Yog to Uddhav Ji, his cousin brother and a disciple of Guru Vrahaspati, as was enunciated by Bhishm Pitamah to Yudhister on his death bed, made of Arjun’s arrows.
Gyan Yog is full of enlightenment, renunciation (Vaeragy), Science (Vigyan), Faith (Shraddha) and devotion (Bhakti).The characteristics produced by the nature are interacting within the nature itself. All actions, activities are taking place in the organs. It has 28 components-elements-divisions, namely: Sense organs (Gyan, knowledge) Ear-hearing, Skin-touch, Eye-see, Tongue-taste, Nose-smell :- (5), Work organs (Karm-Karmandry) i.e., Anus-excretion, Pennies-urination, reproduction, Hand-work, Legs–walk-movement, Mouth-speech :- (5), Mun has all the characteristics of  sense and work organs, mind and heart together leads to decide, what one should to do or not to do:- (1),  Prakrti (Nature-Purush-doer) :- (1), Mahatatv-significance, importance, ultimate :- (1), Ahankar-id, ego, super ego, I, My, Me, pride:- (1), Punchtanmatra (Jal, Vayu, Aakash, Prathvi, Tej) :- (5)  Vairagy (renunciation, rejection), Vigyan (research, discovery, innovation), Shraddha (faith), Bhakti (devotion), Mahabhoot :- (5), Gun (characteristics) :- (3), which are observed in all activities beginning from Brahma Ji to a straw. Gun is inspired to create life, only then it produces.
Combination of the following 3 defects at the micro (minute, small) level, results in the creation, production, invention of the world, universe. 
Adhyatmic :: Pertaining to the Supreme Spirit, Spiritual-knowledge of the identity of soul with the Supreme Spirit. 
Adhidavik :: Divine thoughts-expectations-anxiousness.
Adhibhotik :: Material, physical thoughts-expectations-anxiousness pertaining to world, universe.
Amongest them one is PROKSH (the invisible, not evident, hidden, implied,indirect, absent) Gyan, which visualises the gist of God as the one being followed-imitated, is seen in totality.
APROKSH  अपरोक्ष  (visible, evident, Science, discovery, research, innovation, modification, advancement, progress, alteration, up gradation) Gyan is one which visualises Brahma as the sole reason and not the gist, it used to follow by unitary components, to turns into definite Science.[Exert from Shri Mad Bhagwat]
METHODOLOGY  (Procedure, strategy) to attain Gyan-Vigyan (Knowledge associated with Science) :: One should think-analyse of the the position-creation-assimilation of the three components-Satv, Rajas, Tamas along with their constituents-components, repeatedly; evolution, origination, growth of the developments starting from nature up to the formation of body. The way the body and other objects assimilate back in nature-should be thought of, till the mind obtain peace-quiet.
One who has evolved-grown alienation–detachment is eligible for Salvation.

One who grasps the teachings-preaching of his mentor (Versatile Guru-teacher) and establishes in his inner self (through investigation-analyses-understanding) and  deserts the fickle ideas thoughts (moving, shaking, trembling, active, unsteady, restless, inconsistent, giddy, flirtatious, playful, naughty, transient, ephemeral, volatile) which were generated in the mind (Mun), in the body-which is not soul.
The element (creator) which was present in the beginning and at the time of destruction (termination, Praly, doom’s day), is present in between, as-well. The same is believed (admitted, purported, apparent) to be followed-imitated in destruction (at the time of destruction-hindrance-difficulty-obstruction-to check-to thwart), by difference of actions-acts-functions, remains as foot print , proof, witness or abode (resting place-residence-site- place). This truth-fact is ultimate knowledge i.e., Salvation.
Specificity of Ved (learning, revelation, audible, perceptible to ear), visible (perceptible, clear, direct, explicit, immediate, real, actual), fame (dominant among great men in history) and inference (notion, opinion, estimation, guess, conjecture), are judged, weighted, considered as four important-vital proofs-evidences.  On being subjected to these criterion, the visible-observed, destructive, defective, does not prove to be reality-truth. Therefore the prudent eliminate, depart-move away-detach-isolate, from this varied-vivid-illusionary-imaginary, like sound, word, voice, toils (tricks deceit) of the world.
The prudent judges the Yagy and like perishable deeds resulting in award of heavens, till the abode of Brahma-all comforts-luxuries-passions-pleasures-gratifications, results in his down fall (inauspicious, disastrous, evil, misfortune, calamity, ill omens).
Karm Yog is easier as compared to Gyan Yog and it can be exercised easily even by those whose mental faculties-abilities are not well developed, whose intelligence level-understanding is low. Who are not able to concentrate-meditate and are fickle minded. Karm-work  is the vehicle, means and depends upon the performer-the devotee. Karm Yog is thousands times laudable-excellent-praised-commended-best-righteous, as compared to Gyan Yog, because Gyan Yog has arisen-manifested from Karm Yog-which is the Ultimate, one should achieve. Gyan Yog is non-existent, meaning less without Karm Yog. Therefore a person exercising-practicing–involved in Karm Yog achieves the imperishable status-Moksh.
Those who have discarded-rejected-enunciated, the Karm and its outcome: reward, punishment, are qualified-authorised for Gyan Yog. Complete rejection of the belief, ego, pride of having done something, is Gyan Yog. The enlightenment-calibre which provides the capability to analyse-introspect, the basic elements-components is Gyan Yog. Gyan Yogi detaches himself from the world to be stable in his inner self.
Gyan-Sankhy Yog utilises knowledge, understanding, prudence, intelligence, consciousness and practice to achieve the Almighty. It’s initiated with :- I have nothing. I don’t need anything. I have nothing to do for me. It requires detachment on the part of the doer. Thought behind Sankhy can be grasped by understanding it in depth through conscience, prudence and meditation. Ego (pride, glory) is major hurdle in it’s path. This egotism is the product of senses controlled by intelligence-mind and  Karm (work organs)
The smaller components of senses, which depend over the body are called Tanmatra. Tanmatra is created by the association of body. Due to this reason the creature is called bodied.When the Mun is inspired to create life, only then it produces.
The living being was neither present in the beginning nor  at the termination- It just appears in between, middle only to vanish. Asat did not exist either in the beginning or at the end and therefore, it will not be present, exist between too.
Birth, life, growth, change, occurrence and destruction are the 6 defects pertaining to existence-being-natural state, character, quality, disposition-temperament. One has nothing to do with them. These defects are not embedded in him-do not pertain to him, since they in themselves are unreal, untrue, nonexistent, unfounded, unrighteous, unholy, wicked or monstrous.
Nature is a balanced state of three characteristics called Satv, Rajas and Tamas. This in itself is called major characteristic -Pradhan means head, Boss).This is unrevealed or masked. It creates and destroys the creatures and a disturbance in nature creates the three Gods Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh-though one revealed in three forms.
Deformity in the consistent predominance of nature creates-generate, significance-greatness-importance, which portraits it as great which generate egotism-arrogance-pride or self-respect in nature.
Procedure and various steps involved in Gyan Yog ::
Contemplation, meditation, realisation of self.
Self-realisation, awareness, consciousness of self, knowing-identifying self to be the ultimate beneficiary.
Formal, repeated practices-concentration-devotion to work which pleases the Almighty, working for the sack of God only.
All sacrifices and austerities are devoted-offered to the supreme lord of all plants and Demi Gods, benefactor and well-wisher of all living entities, attains peace from the pangs of material miseries.
Path to devotion is best and easiest, no one is free from sins on earth and only surrendering to the Almighty is easiest way.
Destroys-vanishes ego-detaches with the word to stabilise in inner self.
Surrender self to the Almighty.
Control lust-sensuality-passions and heart.
Renounce the fruits of action (Karm).
Discernment, practices with concentration are better than mechanical rituals or prayers.
Absorption in God to live with him is even better than concentration renunciation and brings instant peace to the spirit.
I have nothing to do. I don’t need anything. I have nothing to do for me.
To know through prudence, faith, belief.
भक्ति-DEVOTION :: परमात्मा को इन आठ गुणों द्वारा भक्त के द्वारा संतुष्ट किया जा सकता है :- अहिंसा, इन्द्रिय संयम, जीवों पर दया करना, क्षमा, शम, दम, ध्यान और  सत्य।
अहिंसा-Non Violence.
इन्द्रिय संयम-Control over sense organs. 
जीवों पर दया करना-Pity over all living beings-organism.
शम-Shum ::  Enlightenment, dedication of all faculties-intellect in the divinity through absence of passions-peace of mind-quite-rest. Peace, Tranquillity, Solace.
दम-Dum ::  Restraint of the senses, sensuality, passions, mortification, subdued feelings.
सत्य-Saty-Truth :: Experiencing-visualizing the equanimity-true divinity, all around.
One who is neither too emancipated nor extremely attached, has luckily-by virtue of good fortune developed faith, respect, regard, honour in the scriptures-Shashtr-stories pertaining to the actions, deeds, performances  of  the 9 incarnations of the Almighty, due to some  auspicious, virtues, righteous act in his previous births, is qualified-eligible for Bhakti Yog.
One has to pray-meditate-concentrate, in the presence of statue-idol-bust (portrait, picture, photograph, image, sketch, figure, mental image, perception-Its symbolic and helps in concentrating.) and devote, himself to viewing, seeing, listening, recitation, visiting holy places-holy rivers, pertaining to the memory of incarnations.
The practitioner (devotee) who has emancipated, unattached, not feeling the desire or passions has developed a mental perception, feeling of pain, trouble, torture, grief, sorrow in all deeds, industry, efforts, actions, functions, endeavours, has faith, trust in the stories of 9 incarnations of the God and has realized that all passions, comforts, pleasures, enjoyments, sensuality, lust, sex are the reason, cause of grief and if he is still unable, incapable to reject them, should undergo, experience, bear with them, but from the depths of heart consider them as painful, taboo, torturous, grave,  censuring them and his misfortune for having born them.
One should pray to the God with firm determination (recitation, whether silent-mentally or vocal). In this manner by regular-continuous-repeated remembrance of the God, the God himself makes a place (occupies a seat, place, berth) in the heart of the devotee (practitioner) and as soon as he (takes center stage in the heart) occupies the heart, all passions-sensuality along with the seeds, vanish-eliminate, all together-for ever.
When one becomes face to face with the Supreme Soul, all bonds-ties-knots in his heart weakens, eliminate all his doubts-misconceptions, perceptions, tear off (break away-lose) lust, sensuality, passions, fears, misgivings, completely.
The Yogi associated with devotion, surrender to the God (seeks asylum, shelter,patronage, under him) and continuously keep himself busy in thinking, remembering the God; enlightenment or renunciation are not essential for him. He is automatically benefited by the devotion to God.
The devotee by virtue of his devotion to the God, become capable of obtaining-attaining everything as per his own will/disposition, such as Karm-deeds-industry, asceticism, meditation, practice of Yog, charity, righteousness, means of welfare, heavens, emancipation (release from suffering, rebirth) the Ultimate Abode or anything else just by imagination-without efforts/ease, involuntarily-suddenly.
The inalienable lover and the hermits-saints-sages-devotees with patience do not want, ask anything for themselves. On the other hand, even if the God himself grants, gifts, offers, give anything, they do not accept even Kaevly Moksh (Ultimate Salvation), what to talk of other things.
The greatest and the ultimate welfare is absolute neutrality (indifference, impartiality). Hence one who is neutral, indifferent, impartial, disinterested (without desires), is able to attain the Bhakti of God.
The Ultimate-exclusive-inalienable devotee and saints, sages, Rishi, Muni, Mahrishi, Brahmrishi, with equanimity, who have attained the Ultimate gist, beyond the reach of intelligence, have no concern–relation with the methods-procedure or the restrictions, which cause virtues or sins.
One who seek asylum-shelter, recourse under Bhakti, Gyan, Karm Yog attains the Ultimate abode of the Almighty representing welfare, since they have understood, recognized, identified the gist of Ultimate Per Brahm.
Methodology-procedure  ::
Pray to God as a spirit, image, idol or statue.
Approach the God with sincere loving heart, which is fully accepted.
All offerings, small or large are accepted, as long as they are made with love.
Union with Brahm, releases from endless sufferings, endless cycles of births and rebirths,which can be easily attained, through devotion.
Worship God, renouncing  all actions in him and regarding him as Supreme Soul.
Meditate the Almighty with single mind and devotion.
Surrender self to God with equanimity.
SPIRITUALITY अध्यात्म :: Characters such as Satv are controlled by Karm-deeds. Karm is earned through Avidya-ignorance and absence of enlightenment.
Soul is pure, imperishable, quite, devoid of characters, significance and beyond the nature. It, alone is diffused, encompassed in all the creatures. It neither increases nor decreases or eliminate.
Dharm or Adharm is always behind-beneath the states-conditions of all the creatures.
Soul moves from one body to another to experience-enjoy-undergo the fruits-punishments of Karm.
Creatures have nothing except Panch Bhoot (Prathvi-Earth, Aakash-Sky-Space, Jal-Water, Vayu-air, Tej-Energy) in them.
The differentiation incarnations like demigods, humans, demons, trees or animals are fake, unreal, imaginary or untrue.
The object, which do not acquire (obtain, attain, seek), new shape-form, as a result-consequence of   rebirth-reorientation, is the ultimate good, supreme truth, reality and spiritual.
It’s auspicious for the enlightened-intellectual-philosopher to attain Salvation. Yagy which helps in attainment of heavens-higher abodes too, is auspicious-fortunate-meritorious-creditable, but it’s more auspicious to have a desire for Salvation.
Soul is broad-pervasive, extensive, comprehensive, even pure, free from characters-characteristics and free from nature. It’s free from birth, death, increase-decrease and defects.
The ultimate, Almighty is free and is not associated with unreal, non-virtuous, name or caste. He is one, even by existence, in his own or other physique-bodies. Understanding of this supreme reality is enlightenment. Those who possess the feeling of duality-ambiguity between the ultimate and the universe or make distinction between the ultimate and the universe are not spiritual.
Auspicious Karm-deeds are those, which do not create bonds-attachments-delusion-allurement and Vidya is the vehicle-source to detachment and auspicious Karm. Karm Yogi has a continuous relation with the Almighty.
Gyan  (Sankhy) Yogi has the essential, fundamental realistic relation with the God.
The devotee, who has sought refuse-asylum in him, has spiritual relation with the Almighty-the God.
Continued relation of the Karm Yogi with the Almighty, leads to rejection of attachment with what is unreal, occasional, temporary, transient or impermanent.
Essential fundamental acknowledgement and understanding of the Gyan Yogi, provides him with the unity and assimilation of essence, with the supreme spirit, the real state and nature i.e., the God.
Spiritual relation of the Devotee-the Bhakt, has love for the God, associated with the loss of distinction between the two
Karm Yogi’s relation with the God is quite, assuaged with elixir-ambusia-nectar.
Gyan Yogi’s relation with the God is unbroken, undivided, entirely uninterrupted, continuous, individual and indestructible with wholeness, entirely with integrity associated with elixir-ambusia-nectar.
Bhakti-Devotion is infinite never ending elixir-nectar. This is obtained by seeking shelter-under the God. It is the best means to attain God and has to be secret and concealable.
Bhakti Yog–Alokik (अलौकिक, Divine, eternal) :: Importance is given to the Almighty only to retain Alokik Bhakti.  When the devotee takes the patronage-shelter-asylum under the God in his efforts without considering his own efforts as major contributory, then only his faith is divine.
Everything becomes divine as soon as the devotee takes shelter in the Almighty. One who is not extremely renunciated or attached, but due to some auspicious-virtuous deed in his previous births, respect, honor, dedication, devotion has evolved-emerged, in various parleys of the Almighty, is entitled, authorised, suitable, fit for Bhakti Yog.
Almighty is above both Ksher and Aksher. One should seek asylum in him, with equanimity in both Ksher and Aksher by surrendering himself to the Almighty.
Human body has inbuilt capabilities to perform Lokik (worldly), either Gyan Yog or Karm Yog. Importance and labour are major contributory factors.
One should surrender himself to the Almighty, while performing all his duties, with the knowledge of worldly and divine as well without the desire of even Moksh.
NINE ELEMENTS OF BHAKTI YOG :: Dev Rishi Narad, described the nine elements of Bhakti Yog in his Bhakti Sutr.
SAT SANG (Auspicious-virtuous-righteous-pious-holy company) :: To cultivate and maintain contact with people who speak of God and truth.
HARI KATHA :: Listening, telling, remembering, describing, discussing stories pertaining to God: To be inspired by the Holy Scriptures-epics-Shastr and the life stories of saints.
SHRADDHA (Faith) :: To have faith in the Holy Scriptures and the Master and to accept and take to heart their words and teachings.
ISHWAR BHAJAN (ईश्वर भजन-Prayers, enchants, rituals) :: To sing God’s praises, to sing spiritual songs (Bhajans) in the praise the glory of God.
MANTR JAP (Repetition of Mantr 108, 1008, ... times at a stretch) :: To inwardly repeat your Mantra at all times and under all circumstances.
SHAM DAM (Internal and External Control) :: To be the Master of the senses and not allow temptation to overwhelm us and to discipline thought, word and deed.
SANTOUN KA ADAR (आदर, respect, honor all Holy Virtuous people) :: To respect and honor all people who have dedicated their life to God, no matter to which religion they belong.
SANTOSH (contentment) :: To be thankful for and content with everything that God gives.
ISHWAR  PRANIDHAN (devotion to God) :: To love God with a pure heart without egoistic expectations, and complete surrender to the Divine.
 (1). KAPIL MUNI कपिल मुनि  THE NARRATOR OF SANKHY YOG  साँख्य शास्त्र-ज्ञान योग के प्रतिपादक  santoshkipathshala.blogspot.com
(2). HINDU PHILOSOPHY (6) हिंदु दर्शन :: कर्म, ज्ञान, भक्ति योग bhartiyshiksha.blogspot.com


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